Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by repetitive, unwanted thoughts and ritualistic behaviors that can be all-consuming, overwhelming, and disruptive to daily life. The symptoms of OCD vary among individuals in type, severity, and frequency, but commonly involve obsessions, compulsions, avoidance behaviors, extreme anxiety, and depression. OCD has a significant impact on mental health, causing distress, interference with daily functioning, negative emotional states, impact on relationships, and co-occurring psychiatric conditions. Treatment of OCD usually involves a combination of therapy, medication, and self-help strategies such as stress reduction techniques, establishing a structured routine, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and learning and using relaxation techniques. Differentiating OCD from other mental health conditions that have similar symptoms, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), is important for effective treatment.
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